Teaching Strategy: Questioning
How is questioning a teaching strategy? This question may seem simple on the surface, but one must understand the importance of effectively using questioning strategies in classrooms. This is the case because research has indicated that cueing and questioning might account for as much as 80 percent of what is occurring in a classroom on a given day (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001). Questioning is something that is used throughout the entire school day and can be harnessed as another tool in a teacher’s repertoire. For this reason, it is important to realize that questioning is actually a teaching strategy.
There are several ways in which questioning can be used as an effective means for teaching. When using questioning, it is important to remember to focus on what is important to the topic at hand. Research indicates that the more students know about a subject, the more interested they will be rather than using unusual subject matters (Marzano et al., 2001). Nevertheless, just because students are more interested in a topic does not ensure a deeper understanding. Furthermore, teachers can utilize higher level questions that require students to analyze information rather than simple questions that use recalling and recognizing (Marzano et al., 2001). More specifically, teachers can use analytical questions that facilitate the students to analyze the errors, construct support, and analyze perspectives (Marzano et al., 2001).
Personally, I feel the most important aspect when utilizing questioning strategies is to keep activities student-centered as the teacher’s role is to guide students through the learning process. This concept follows inductive teaching methods where students are to notice and figure out how concepts work instead of the teacher explaining the primary concept. Thus the idea of student-centered and in combination with questioning teachers can create lesson plans that will promote in depth learning opportunities. A lesson plan could be of students going outside and collecting different leaves they come upon. Questioning can be used to help students start to begin the learning process of differentiated between the different species of trees. This plan uses both inductive teaching and questioning strategies. Overall, questions can be a great way to aide students learning process.
Here is an excellent example of questioning strategies used in an elementary class:
Georgetown ISD. (2012, April 26). Questioning strategies – Cammy Rogers, Village Elementary. Retrieved January 18, 2013 from, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMC3-qox98A
Marzano, R.J., Pickering, D. J., & Pollock, J. E. (2001). Classroom instructions that works: research based instruction for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.